Are you experiencing dryness of skin no matter what kind of moisturizing lotion you use? Does your skin gets itchy and appear to be red and flaky? You might be a candidate for what we call eczema. If you are caught in this condition, your problem will be the symptoms and the “How to treat eczema?”
Talking of eczema, it is characterized by inflammation of the epidermis which is the outer layer of skin. This condition is also a form of a so-called dermatitis. The exact causes of which are unknown but the health eczema can be linked to the following factors:
- Skin defect in tandem with immune system’s abnormal function
- Genetics- defects in proteins responsible for maintaining the skin’s barrier function
- Change in temperature
There are various classifications of eczema and the person is also vulnerable at developing these other types.
- Atopic dermatitis- this is characterized by itchiness and redness and dryness of the skin. It is not contagious but it requires daily skin care.
- Contact dermatitis- when contact is made with shampoo or jewelries, irritation occurs.
- Dyshidrotic dermatitis- it is characterized by blistering rashes and burning sensation that can be found in soles of the feet and hands.
- Neurodermatitis- the affected areas are the nerve endings wherein it gets irritated and causes an unbearable itchiness.
Signs and symptoms
For you to determine if you have eczema, the following are manifestations that you would likely experience with this condition:
- Dry skin
- Reddened skin
- Itchy sensation
- Oozing lesions
- Scaly skin resulted from repeated scratching
This condition can be diagnosed upon thorough assessment of the physician on the symptoms you manifest. Questions on what are the instances that you do prior to the emergence of this illness will help. Aside from this, your doctor will obtain a health history concerning your allergies, and other related medical conditions.
How to treat eczema? There is no cure for eczema. Medical interventions are intended controlling and minimizing the manifestations of this condition. It would be better to consult your doctor to have the condition be classified in order to delegate appropriate management.
Examples of drugs falling under this category include hydrocortisone and clobetasol propionate. They are effective in suppressing the symptoms.
- Topical immunosuppressants
These drugs act by suppressing the immune system in the affected area. Examples include tacrolimus and pimecrolimus.
This will help reduce the itchy sensation and will relieve an individual from repetitive scratching. It is very beneficial during the flare up of eczema.
- Systemic immunosuppressants
These immunosuppressants are given to patients with severe cases of eczema where other courses of treatments are ineffective. Drugs included are the methotrexate, ciclosporin and azathioprine. It will suppress the activity of the immune system thus you are prone to other illnesses.
Eczemas are wearisome health conditions. Identifying how to treat eczema is very crucial because it has many classifications. This condition will affect your overall performance and will render you a bothering skin appearance. It is then emphasized to consult your doctor to have this condition classified in order to delegate appropriate measures.